balancing chemicals new surface

Balancing Chemicals in a Newly Resurfaced Pool

by | Dec 26, 2023

In a world where pool care and maintenance are essential to the longevity and aesthetics of your pool, it’s vital to understand how to balance chemicals on new surfaces to ensure long-lasting success. When resurfacing a pool, meticulous attention must be given to water chemistry during the first 30 days, which are crucial for the plaster curing. In addition, using the proper surfactants for chemical balance is essential to avoid ruining your new finish.

Key Takeaways

  • Proper chemical balance on new surfaces is crucial to ensure long-lasting finish and avoid potential issues
  • First 30 days after resurfacing are critical for proper plaster curing and stabilization
  • Surfactants play a vital role in maintaining chemical balance and preventing surface damage
  • Understanding the interaction between pool chemistry and your new resurfaced material will help prevent staining, scaling, and discoloration
  • Regular testing, monitoring, and recording of water chemistry data will optimize your pool’s condition and maintain a long-lasting finish

The Importance of Water Chemistry in Pool Start-Up

As a pool owner, it is essential to recognize the importance of water chemistry during the start-up process of a newly resurfaced pool. The key to maintaining a healthy and visually appealing pool environment lies in understanding the interaction between the pool water chemistry and the new surface material. In this section, we will explore the significance of chemical reactions on new surfaces, various chemical balance techniques for new surfaces, and the crucial role of surface chemistry for balancing chemicals.

Understanding the New Surface Interaction

Pool water chemistry is dynamic and influenced by the new resurfaced material. During the initial 28-day hydration period after a resurface, the interaction of water with the new material is critical. Potential staining, scaling, and discoloration can occur if the proper chemical balance is not maintained. Owing to this interaction, the water’s alkalinity, pH, and calcium levels will naturally tend to rise, leading to surface problems such as scaling and pitting if not monitored carefully.

The First 30 Days: Critical Period for Plaster Curing

The first 30 days after resurfacing are crucial for plaster curing. Consistent brushing and close observation of water chemistry will help manage these chemical changes. Paying attention to the fluctuating levels of alkalinity, pH, and calcium is vital for protecting the pool finish and ensuring the longevity of the new surface.

By employing effective chemical balance techniques for new surfaces, you can ensure a smooth start-up process and avoid potential future surface issues. Establishing a healthy surface chemistry for balancing chemicals is critical in maintaining the beauty and functionality of your newly resurfaced pool for years to come.

Assessing the Starting Point: Source Water Quality

Surface Tension Balancing Chemicals

Before introducing water into a newly resurfaced pool, understanding the source water quality becomes crucial. Due to inconsistencies in water quality across different regions, some sources may be unsuitable for freshly plastered pools. To ensure a stable chemical balance, it is essential to determine the starting water chemistry and adjust as needed from there. In this section, we will discuss the significance of surface tension balancing chemicals and chemical treatments for surface balance in achieving desired water chemistry.

Water chemistry readings, including calcium levels, should be recorded for future reference, acknowledging that water may substantially differ after filling the pool, which can necessitate additional chemical adjustments. The table below illustrates typical water chemistry measurements before and after filling a newly resurfaced pool:

ParameterSource WaterAfter Filling Pool
Calcium Hardness (ppm)120200
Total Alkalinity (ppm)60100
Cyanuric Acid (ppm)050
Chlorine (ppm)1.01.0

To ensure the longevity and aesthetics of the pool’s new surface, application of surface tension balancing chemicals and chemical treatments for surface balance plays a vital role during the start-up process. These treatments help manage varying source water conditions and maintain the proper balance on the new surface. Careful observation and timely adjustments are crucial during this period to prevent surface-related issues such as staining, scaling, or discoloration.

In conclusion, understanding the source water quality is the first step in providing an ideal environment for your pool’s new surface. With a thorough grasp of the initial water chemistry and the proper use of surface tension balancing chemicals and treatments, you’ll set the stage for a successful start-up and long-lasting, visually appealing pool surface.

Calculating Your Pool’s Water Gallonage

Accurately determining the volume of water in your pool is crucial for achieving the correct chemical balance. The pool’s water volume plays a significant role in deciding the amount of surface modification chemicals for balance and other chemical treatments required. The pool’s shape is a key factor in calculating its volume, necessitating the use of specific formulas for various shapes, such as square, round, oval, or irregularly shaped pools.

Formula for Different Pool Shapes

Different pool shapes require unique formulas to calculate their water volume. Here’s a helpful table summarizing the formulas for several common pool shapes:

Pool ShapeFormula
Rectangle or SquareLength x Width x Average Depth x 7.5
RoundRadius x Radius x 3.14 x Average Depth x 7.5
OvalLength x Width x 0.9 x Average Depth x 7.5
Irregular Shape(Length x Width x Average Depth) x (total percentage of the shape) x 7.5

These formulas provide you with a reliable method for determining your pool’s water gallonage and, subsequently, the appropriate quantity of chemical balance techniques for new surfaces to be employed.

Why Accurate Water Volume Matters

It is essential to know the precise water volume of your pool to ensure that the appropriate chemical balance is maintained. The correct water gallonage allows you to identify the ideal amount of chemicals required for surface balance. Overdosing or underdosing could result in the uneven distribution of chemicals and the potential for issues such as scaling, staining, and loss of chemical efficacy. Even minor discrepancies in estimating pool volume may lead to difficulties in achieving and maintaining water quality, potentially damaging the new surface and impacting the overall experience of enjoying your pool.

Procedures for Filling a Newly Resurfaced Pool

Filling a newly resurfaced pool can be a delicate process that requires attention to detail and a clear understanding of the necessary protocol. With the right approach, you can ensure that your new pool surface remains in pristine condition during the start-up phase. We will share the appropriate steps and precautions to take when filling your pool with clean potable water.

Balancing Chemicals New Surface

First, it is essential to diffuse the water flow as you fill the pool. Direct water flow can damage the new surface and lead to issues like staining or cracking. This may be achieved by placing a clean cloth or a hose-end diffuser over the fill hose, spreading the water gently across the fresh surface.

Next, ensure that you fill the pool as rapidly as possible without compromising the quality of the water flow. This will help minimize the occurrence of staining or cracking on the new surface. Remember, potable water is crucial to maintaining adequate balancing chemicals new surface and ensuring the proper curing of the resurfacing material.

Pay attention to fill hoses during the filling process. Ideally, hoses should be carefully secured and weighted to prevent whipping or flailing, which can cause damage to the pool’s new surface. It is also recommended to use multiple fill hoses if possible, distributing the water evenly across the pool for a more efficient filling process.

Lastly, it is crucial not to add any clarifying agents or chemicals during the pool-filling process. These surface modification chemicals for balance should only be introduced once the pool has been completely filled, as premature introduction can lead to imbalances in water chemistry and potential damage to the fresh surface.

In conclusion, following these procedures while filling your newly resurfaced pool can help ensure the longevity and aesthetics of your investment. Remember to be patient, attentive, and careful throughout this crucial phase, and your pool will be set up for success.

First Steps After Filling: Testing the Water Again

Once your pool is filled, it’s crucial to retest the water as its chemistry usually changes from the initial results. At this stage, it’s essential to adjust the necessary water components, particularly calcium hardness, to achieve a balanced and stunning pool surface.

Adjusting Calcium and Chemical Levels

Maintaining the correct calcium levels is vital for preventing surface issues like staining or etching. A minimum of 150 ppm of calcium hardness is required for a newly resurfaced pool. You should also monitor other chemicals like pH, alkalinity, and the surface tension balancing chemicals to ensure a well-balanced water chemistry. Applying the right dosages of surface chemistry for balancing chemicals will help you maintain a long-lasting and visually appealing pool surface.

Recording Water Chemistry for Future Reference

Consistent recordkeeping of your pool’s water chemistry measurements is crucial for monitoring the stabilization process and making any required adjustments in the future. By thorough documentation, you can identify any trends or issues and take the necessary steps to correct them, ensuring that your new pool surface remains in top condition.

MeasurementInitial ReadingReading After FillingRecommended Range
pH7.17.47.2 – 7.6
Total Alkalinity80 ppm120 ppm80 – 120 ppm
Calcium Hardness100 ppm160 ppm150 – 400 ppm
Stabilizer (Cyanuric Acid)30 ppm40 ppm30 – 50 ppm
Chlorine0 ppm3 ppm2 – 4 ppm

By following the guidelines in this section, you will be well on your way to maintaining a balanced swimming pool environment following your new surface installation. The key to success is consistent monitoring and adjusting of your pool’s water chemistry, ensuring a stunning and long-lasting surface.

Initiating Chemical Treatments for Surface Balance

After filling your newly resurfaced pool, it’s essential to initiate chemical treatments to achieve proper surface balance. This involves the correct administration of chemical agents, such as surfactants for chemical balance, and undertaking several treatments, including adding stain preventatives and water clarifiers.

Safely Managing Surfactants for Chemical Balance

Properly handling surfactants and other chemical agents for surface balance is crucial to maintaining the pristine condition of your pool’s new surface. When using such treatments, ensure that you dilute the chemicals appropriately before application to prevent discoloration and undesirable chemical reactions. Avoid direct pouring of concentrated chemicals onto your pool’s surface, as it can cause damage.

Undertaking chemical adjustments like lowering alkalinity with muriatic acid and pre-diluting granular chemicals are also critical steps in achieving optimum surface balance. By diligently managing surfactants and balancing chemicals, you can establish a healthy chemical balance in your pool, ensuring a smooth and durable new surface.

Maintaining Proper Equipment Operation During Start-Up

Ensuring that your pool equipment is functioning optimally is a vital aspect of a successful pool start-up. The filtration system plays a crucial role in maintaining the chemical balance of your newly resurfaced pool. As soon as the water level is full, the filtration system should be started and maintained non-stop for at least 72 hours after filling.

Recording the initial clean filter pressure is essential, as it serves as a reference point to determine when cleaning is necessary. An efficient filtration system helps in balancing chemicals on the new surface and preventing any potential issues that may arise due to imbalances.

Heaters and water features, such as fountains and waterfalls, need special care. They should not be activated until the start-up procedure is complete and the water chemistry has been fully balanced. These features can affect the overall water balance, and activating them prematurely can result in undesirable chemical reactions on the new surface.

In summary, a successful pool start-up not only depends on the proper use of surface modification chemicals for balance but also on the efficient operation and maintenance of the pool equipment. By following these guidelines, you can enjoy a beautiful and long-lasting pool surface.

Effective Use of Chemical Agents for Surface Balance

When it comes to balancing the chemicals on a new pool surface, it’s essential to focus on proper application and handling of chemical agents. This will help prevent staining and damage, ensuring the longevity and appearance of your pool’s surface. Let us now explore best practices for adding stain preventatives and water clarifiers, as well as handling other chemicals safely while avoiding common mistakes.

Adding Stain Preventative and Water Clarifiers

It’s crucial to use stain preventatives and water clarifiers after filling the pool to minimize staining on the new surface. Always follow manufacturer instructions, and ensure that chemicals are properly diluted before adding them to the pool. This helps avoid concentrated spots that could potentially harm the surface. Moreover, regular brushing and proper vacuuming are necessary for removing any residual plaster dust, maintaining the pool’s chemical balance, and keeping the surface looking great.

Handling Other Chemicals and Avoiding Common Mistakes

Appropriate handling of other chemicals, such as muriatic acid and chlorine, is vital to prevent surface staining and damage. It’s essential to practice the pre-dissolving technique for chemicals, as this serves as a critical preventative step in protecting your new pool surface. Carefully monitor the water chemistry throughout this process, paying close attention to levels of pH, alkalinity, and calcium to ensure proper balance on your new surface.

In conclusion, achieving the right chemical balance on new surfaces requires careful attention to the use and handling of different chemicals. Using stain preventatives, water clarifiers, and other necessary chemical treatments, while adhering to best practices, ensures the long-lasting finish and outstanding appearance of your newly resurfaced pool.

Now Serving Apopka

We’re excited to announce that Classic Marcite now extends its pool maintenance and renovation services to the Apopka area. Residents in Apopka can now rely on our expert team for efficient and professional pool care, including the crucial task of changing the sand in your pool filter. Trust us to keep your pool in pristine condition.


What is the importance of balancing chemicals in a newly resurfaced pool?

Balancing chemicals in a newly resurfaced pool is crucial for the longevity and aesthetics of the pool surface. Proper chemical balance helps avoid issues like staining, scaling, and discoloration, especially during the critical first 30 days of the plaster curing process.

How does water chemistry affect the new pool surface?

Water chemistry is dynamic and influenced by the new resurfaced material. The interaction of water with the new material is critical during the initial 28-day hydration period, as the alkalinity, pH, and calcium levels tend to rise, leading to surface problems such as scaling and pitting.

Why is it important to assess the source water quality before filling the pool?

Knowing the quality of the source water is essential because inconsistent water quality across different regions may not be suitable for a newly plastered pool. It is necessary to record water chemistry readings, including calcium levels, for future reference and to identify any required chemical adjustments.

How do you calculate the pool’s water volume, and why is it important?

Precise calculation of your pool’s water volume is crucial to accurately balance the chemicals. The volume is determined based on the pool’s shape, with specific formulas for square, round, oval, or irregularly shaped pools. Accurate volume calculation is the gateway to proper water chemistry as it dictates the amount of chemical agents needed for achieving surface balance.

What are the recommended procedures for filling a newly resurfaced pool?

The pool must be filled with clean potable water, taking precautions to diffuse the water flow to prevent damage to the new surface. Filling should be done as rapidly as possible to avoid issues like staining or cracking. Fill hoses must be properly secured and not left to whip or flail across the fresh surface. Additionally, do not add any clarifying agents or chemicals until the pool has been completely filled.

What chemical treatments are necessary for surface balance in a newly resurfaced pool?

Initiating chemical treatments for surface balance involves adding stain preventatives and water clarifiers, adjusting pH levels, and managing surfactants. These treatments must be applied carefully according to the manufacturer’s instructions and diluted properly to avoid concentrated spots that may harm the surface.

How do you maintain proper equipment operation during the start-up process?

Ensuring that the filtration system starts immediately upon full water level achievement is essential. Maintain filtration non-stop for at least 72 hours after filling. Record the initial clean filter pressure as a reference point, and do not activate heaters or water features until the start-up procedure is completed.

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About Mike Folta
Mike Folta has served the clients of Classic Marcite for more than 15 years. He has 20+ years in the pool industry servicing large hotels and theme parks in the Greater Orlando area, as well as expertly turning backyard pools into an island oasis.